financialtreat – will explain about What is a Lawyer? And what do lawyers do? which you will find in the following article. let’s look at this article carefully!
Lawyers are one of the elite professions in this country. They are considered as experts in the field of law enforcement. Judging from the fees received, lawyers also have a large income. So, it is not surprising that there are so many higher education institutions that open law majors as a requirement before becoming a lawyer.
What is a Lawyer? And what do lawyers do? Let’s Read the Review Here
What is a lawyer?
A lawyer is someone who has the profession and authority as law enforcers. His position is equal to that of prosecutors, judges, and police. Along with other law enforcers, lawyers are part of the criminal justice system.
Lawyers can offer their services, both inside and outside the court in the field of law for individuals, institutions, companies, and legal entities to become legal consultants, accompany and defend cases, exercise power of attorney, or other assistance in the legal realm.
Young lawyers are paid from Rp. 3,000,000 to Rp. 15,000,000. This honor is usually very dependent on the case being handled. Although lawyers get fantastic fees from each of their clients, they don’t necessarily charge high rates for all circles. There is also legal assistance that lawyers must provide free of charge. This is in accordance with the mandate of PP No. 83 of 2008, legal aid must be provided free of charge by lawyers for the poor.
Lawyers’ roles and responsibilities
Lawyers have many and heavy roles and responsibilities. The roles and responsibilities of lawyers are:
1. Handling legal issues or cases
Lawyers play a role in analyzing and explaining legal problems, explaining legal rules and their arrangement systematically, namely through systematic problem analysis and identification. Define, create, and apply legal concepts. Elaborating and using awards, judgments, classifications, and theories to resolve disputes between parties in (opposite) legal matters.
2. Responsible for his clients
Lawyers who have been contracted by clients (individuals/institutions/entities) must provide legal consultation, represent, accompany, and defend cases from the beginning of the case, trial in court, until the end or closing of the case.
Lawyers make sure the client gets his rights. Even though he was accompanied by the defendant, the lawyer remained faithful to accompany him in accordance with Law no. 8 of 1981 concerning the Criminal Procedure Code, Articles 54 and 55, as well as the Law on Judicial Power Article 8 paragraph 1 by applying the principle of presumption of innocence.
Lawyers are also the bridge or liaison between the client and other lawyers (from the disputing party), as well as from other parties, such as the media crew.
3. Drafting/making a contract agreement
There are lawyers who specialize in the creation and/or negotiation of individual or institutional trade or business contracts. In addition, there are also lawyers who handle the preparation of legal documents. For example, letters of inheritance, wills, agreements, settlement of cases through peaceful means / deliberation without trial, and others.
4. Play a role in guarding the constitution and human rights
Lawyers are also responsible for overseeing the current constitution. This includes interpreting or enforcing the rule of law, fighting for human rights, providing information about the legal system or other legal matters through the media and/or public speeches. In addition, it also analyzes, studies, and describes the facts and events that occurred.
5. Criticize or provide input related to law
This responsibility includes debating or opposing resolutions with acceptable interpretations, evidence, etc. That way, lawyers must continue to audit every legal decision that comes out of the legislature or from the court.
6. Spreading legal knowledge
As people who are considered to have extensive knowledge of the law, lawyers also have a responsibility to continue to spread legal knowledge. In addition, lawyers must also continue to study in order to enrich their legal knowledge.
Requirements to become a lawyer
The main requirement to become a lawyer, of course, is to understand the law. So, if you want to become a lawyer, according to Article 2 paragraph 1 of the Advocates Law, you must meet the following requirements:
- Have a legal background (higher education) and master it
- Minimum age 25 years
- Have attended professional advocate/lawyer education from PERADI (Indonesian Advocates Association) or Special Advocate Profession Education (PKPA)
- Have passed the examination and internship in an advocate’s office (2 years in a row)
- Willing to be sworn in at the local High Court
- In addition, being a lawyer must have abilities or personalities such as:
- Capable or have qualified communication skills
- Negotiation ability, m analyze and think critically
- Have persuasive skills
- Tough and never give up
- Have the ability to solve complex problems / matters
- Patient and able to control emotions
- Good time management skills
- Able to work with team
- Mastering a foreign language
Difference between lawyer and advocate
In the legal world, lawyers and advocates are basically the same. Moreover, referring to Article 32 paragraph 1 of Law No. 18 of 2003, which states that advocates, legal advisors, legal consultants, and practicing lawyers are professional advocates.
The difference is the work area. Advocates have work permits in court, according to the Decree of the Minister of Justice of the Republic of Indonesia. The working area can be in all parts of Indonesia. Meanwhile, a lawyer is a profession that only has a license to practice in certain areas as given by the local court.
This means that a lawyer’s work area is narrower than that of an advocate. If you want to provide services outside the work area, the lawyer must obtain permission from the (other) area to be addressed or handled.
In addition, an advocate is a legal representative who has handled a minimum of 10 civil and criminal cases, and his appointment is based on the Decree of the Minister of Law and Human Rights. But then, after the issuance of Law no. 18 of 2009 concerning Advocates, since then advocates and lawyers are the same profession in the eyes of the law, and proceed in the same working area, namely throughout Indonesia.
What do lawyers do?
Lawyers represent the client’s legal interests and try to be as effective as possible. They also have an advisory role and keep in touch with partners. During the procedure, they provide procedural documents, file court cases and correspond with judicial authorities. Further, the following general duties can be described for which lawyers are responsible:
- Analyze and describe legal issues
- rules in law
- Systematic legal arrangement (analyze and identify systematic problems)
- Interpret and/or rule current laws and regulations or draw up new rules for which no laws and rules have yet been created
- Define, create and use legal concepts
- Elaboration and use of rewards, assessments, classifications and theories
- Pass down the principles in judicial law
- To decide or agree to the opposite party
- Providing information about the legal system or other legal issues through the media and/or public speaking
- Analyze, study and describe facts and events
- Arguing or resolution, interpretation, evidence (acceptable), etc.
- Reflects legal values, facts and evidence (continues rulings/opinions, advising lawyers and judges, etc.)
- Predict what the jury can do
- Authenticating or criticizing the political system
- Learn, spread and spread knowledge
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Where do lawyers work?
Because lawyers can perform many professions, their work environment is very diverse. Many lawyers work in courts and law firms and notaries, but also many corporations and government agencies (such as the Tax Authority) are lawyers. There are also laws that have independent offices. Colleagues who work with lawyers, for example, legal assistants, civil law notaries, attorneys, and public prosecutors.
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How did you become a lawyer?
A person who wants to become a lawyer can pursue higher professional education in Law or a Law degree. The latter are offered in Amsterdam (UvA and VU), Groningen, Leiden, Maastricht, Nijmegen, Rotterdam, Tilburg and Utrecht.
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That’s a little explanation about lawyers, especially in the field of law. It is well known that many people dream of this profession, especially young people. Are you one of those who covet this profession? Have a good fight!