financialtreat – will explain about Cloud Computing and Its Role to Drive Your Business Growth that you will get in the following article. Let’s look at this article carefully!
It is undeniable, the business world can benefit greatly from the use of Cloud computing or Cloud Computing so that many companies migrate using these advanced technologies. With the reason that it can cut costs, and improve quality performance. But there are still many who question what exactly the definition and benefits of Cloud Computing for the business world. Here’s a more complete story.
Understanding Cloud Computing
Cloud Computing is a new computing style where resources are dynamically scalable and often use the concept of virtualization provided by providers by utilizing internet media. There are also experts who judge that the cloud is a collection of technologies, namely a set of technologies that make up the cloud environment. Many IT experts face that Cloud Computing will reshape the information technology process and IT market.
Conceptually, Cloud Computing means storing and accessing data and programs over the internet from different locations or using computers from our computer’s hard drive. Using Cloud Computing, you can access data or programs anywhere, anytime, and with any device.
History of the Presence of Cloud Technology
Based on its history, Cloud Computing is the result of a gradual evaluation. The concept of combining computing resources through a global network is said to have originated in the 1960s along with the emergence of the ‘Intergalactic Computer Network’ by JCR Licklider.
He was also responsible for the construction of the Advanced Research Projects Agency Network (ARPANET) in 1969. At that time he had the ideal that all human beings in the world should be able to connect and access programs and data from any means and anywhere.
But another view expressed Herwin Anggeriana in his book ‘Cloud Computing: Cloud computing’.
According to him, the underlying concept of Cloud Computing began in the 1960s. That is when MIT Computing Experts who are also known as one of the pioneers of intelligence made by John McCarthy conveyed the idea that one day computing networks will become public infrastructure, just like electricity and telephones.
Since then, Cloud Computing has actually developed with the internet and the web. However, due to major bandwidth technology changes in the 1990s, the internet developed earlier than Cloud Computing. Now it can be seen that the main driver of computing technology is the internet revolution.
In the 1990s, telecommunications companies began offering VPNs with better quality, but lower-cost private network services. To balance server usage, they use network bandwidth, then use the cloud symbol as a hint of the demarcation point between provider and user. Basically, cloud computing expands the boundaries to close servers as well as network infrastructure.
In 1995, Larry Ellison, founder of Oracle came up with the idea of Network Computing as a campaign to challenge microsoft’s dominance that at that time dominated Desktop Computing with Windows 95. Ellison offered the idea that users don’t need operating system software crammed into their PCs, but rather with Network Computing instead of desktops. But eventually the innovation disappeared due to inadequate computer network quality, and users again chose desktop PCs.
Until finally came a new breakthrough called Cloud Computing without relying on a particular operating system, but only needed to access the internet and go to the site address to run the required programs.
Phase of Cloud Computing Development
Based on the book entitled ‘Cloud Computing: Theory and Implementation’ written by Yo Ceng Giap Dkk, there are a number of technological phases before Cloud Computing finally appears as a solution to support human performance. In the first phase, there is the concept of Mainframe Computing. Users access mainframes through a terminal. Continuing to the second phase is PC Computing, where users can access information directly from the PC.
In the third phase appears Network Computing, which is that users can access information from servers or other PC devices from a computer network. In this phase, users can transmit data over a computer network.
Then, the concept of Internet Computing developed in the fourth phase. Users can access information from a PC to a server over the internet. This is followed by the fifth phase in the form of the concept of Grid Computing. The last new sixth phase emerged the concept of Cloud Computing, when users can access information through Cloud services.
Characteristics of the Cloud for Business
a. Cloud as a Standalone Service
Cloud users can manage and order services without the need to interact directly with individual service providers. Service procurement takes place automatically according to user needs.
b. Cloud Access with Broadband Network
Cloud computer services must be accessible from any location, and at any time using any tool as long as it is connected to the service network.
c. Elastic Cloud Resources
Cloud computer is used jointly by various customers. Service providers must be able to load efficiently so that the system can be utilized optimally. This service must be centrally available and can divide resources efficiently.
d. Flexible Cloud Capacity
Cloud computer services must be able to increase or decrease capacity according to user needs to support business operations.
e. Scalable Cloud Services
The service must be provided in a measured manner that works for the payment process. The reason is, Cloud Computing is paid according to usage.
How Cloud computing Works
When using a personal computer, you usually interact with three layers of computing. First, infrastructure or physical devices such as processors, hard drives, memory, or network cards. Second, a platform or operating system that interacts with the hardware. Third, software or software processing words, images, and others.
Just like computers, Cloud Computing also has a three-layer computing concept although technically the content is different. In cloud computer , infrastructure components are servers, storage media, and bandwidth provided by the provider. Thus, users can access the resource as if it were installed in its place.
The platform layer is a web browser device used to create, test, and use web applications. While the software layer is not a desktop-based application, it uses the web that can use any web browser.
Base on how it works, Cloud computing users can use personal devices such as PCs, laptops, mobile phones or other mobile devices through a web browser to access the cloud. The service works on a client-server basis using the web browser protocol. The cloud provides application-base servers and all data services to users with output displaye on the user’s device.
Benefits of Cloud Computing Technology
According to Williams, 2020, Cloud computer brings a number of benefits to business organizations or companies, including:
a. Pay As Needed
Users can adjust the needs in the cloud so that the costs incurre for cloud operations can be adjuste to the needs.
b. Cloud Without Initial Investment
Users do not need to spend a large investment to build Cloud computer , users can use cloud service providers so that there is no cost to purchase computer devices, network devices, and others.
c. Efficient Cloud IT Management Fees
Because it uses the services provide by the service provider, it can reduce the cost of IT management, because it management management is carrie out by the service provider.
d. Fast Scalability On Demand
Cloud computer capabilities can work quickly according to the needs of the users.
e. Easy and Flexible Cloud Access
Users do not need to be on the same computer if they want to access applications for the company’s operational purposes. Users can access easily from anywhere.
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f. Better Use of Cloud Resources
Cloud computing users can minimize operational problems so as to improve cloud resources better.
g. Resource Sharing
Users can share resources with other users, for example using virtual servers together. well, that was a review of cloud computing technology in full. for those of you who own a company and want significant progress in your company, you can try using the technology. Good luck!